Much political behavior, particularly in countries such as China, does not take place within institutionalized channels. This is mainly because the Party/State aggregates preferences poorly and the popular classes often become frustrated with existing opportunities for participation. Moreover, honest elections occur only at the lowest levels -- if at all -- and many forms of political activity are forbidden. In these circumstances, how do ordinary Chinese press for attention to their grievances and for a modicum of responsiveness? And how do the authorities respond to popular activism, whether it appears on the streets or online? In this seminar, we will read recently-published books and journal articles that bring to light ongoing debates and emerging topics in the literature on protest and repression. We will pay particular attention to forms of contention that are somewhat noisier and more overt than “everyday resistance” yet still fall short of open rebellion.